Learn How to Draw: 6 Basic Sketching Lessons for Beginners
Do you want to learn how to draw, but feel like you don't have the talent? A lot of people feel this way and, oftentimes, they're mistaken. While it's true that there are people with natural-born talent, you mustn't lose hope if yours is not the case. Drawing can also be learned and developed through determination, lots of practice, and a solid foundation of the basics.
Whether you're aspiring to become a great artist someday or just want to learn a new hobby, knowing the fundamentals will give you the confidence to turn your creative ambitions into reality. Below are a few basic sketching lessons that can help you learn how to draw:
6 Basic Sketching Lessons for Beginners
1. Choose your materials.
You'll need paper, a pencil, and an eraser - very basic! Beginners can start with any kind of pencil they choose. As you get better with drawing, you can also invest in different types of pencils and charcoals to improve your artwork. Pencil types differ from its hardness and blackness and can add more dimension to your drawing.
2. Practice drawing basic shapes and patterns.
A great way to learn drawing techniques is to practice with simple shapes. Start with circles, triangles, rectangles, and squares. Make sure that they are drawn perfectly each time you draw them. This means keeping your lines straight and solid, i.e., avoid re-drawing over existing lines. Mastering these shapes is the groundwork for becoming more proficient in drawing more complex forms and figures.
3. Draw simple objects.
If you're just beginning to take lessons on drawing, make sure you start with simple objects before progressing to more difficult and complicated subjects. Practice drawing a bowl of fruit, flowers, or trees, to start with. You can also do different variations of the same subject until you are able to improve on the drawing.
4. Draw a rough sketch.
A rough sketch is like a blueprint as it has the basic structure and skeleton of your image. If you're planning to draw a flower, don’t sketch petal by petal. When making a rough sketch of the flower, it's good practice to create the outline of the flower first and add all the details after. Use light strokes when sketching and don’t be afraid to make mistakes!
5. Think Shapes.
Break down your image into shapes before you begin sketching. If you're drawing a house, for example, you can start your sketch by drawing a triangle on top of a square. It's easier to visualize your picture shape by shape and develop the details as you go along.
6. Start Shading!
Add texture and detail to your work by shading! Experiment with lighter or darker shades to add dimension and depth to your work. Employing this technique will make your drawing more realistic. You can start filling in your drawing with a variety of tones by making some areas of the image lighter or darker. Stop to examine your picture from time to time to assess which parts need more shading.
Learn Drawing Techniques
Here are different kinds of drawing techniques and shading methods you can use to add more polish to your work:
Back and Forth Shading - Use the side of your pencil and move it in a zigzag motion going back and forth without lifting it from the paper. This is one of the most basic drawing techniques and is very easy to do!
Hatching - Use the point of your pencil to create parallel lines. After drawing one line, lift the pencil and draw another line close to the first line.
Cross-Hatching - This is almost the same as Hatching except that they consist of intersecting parallel lines. Shadows are created depending on the density of the crossed lines.
Stippling - This technique makes use of tiny dots or lines (similar to dashes) to create texture. The closer the dots are together, the darker your image will be!
Scumbling - Scumbling is done by drawing tiny loops and circular lines with your pencil. This is an excellent way of filling out certain areas and creating texture in your drawing.
These are just some of the basics that will help you develop your drawing skills. If you're truly serious about getting better, it's important to practice, practice, practice! There’s really no way around it. :)